What is a Traumatic Brain Injury?
A traumatic brain Injury (TBI) is one of the two major categories of acquired brain injuries (ABI), meaning that the injury occurred after the birthing process. A TBI occurs when an external force causes a hit to the head or a rapid start and/or stop motion. Different types of TBI include, but are not limited to concussion, contusion (bruising), diffuse axonal injury (shearing or tearing of brain tissue), or a penetrating injury (like a knife wound or a shard of skull). In 2013, an estimated 2.8 million people were diagnosed with a TBI. Many injuries go unreported.
How is a TBI typically diagnosed and managed?
All suspected TBIs should begin with an immediate visit to the emergency department to determine how severe the case is with CT scan, MRI, or other imaging and inspection. Once released from the hospital, follow-up may include further imaging to assess physical damage, examination, or testing like EEG to check function of the outer layers.
Once released from the hospital, TBI survivors often have lingering symptoms, because the brain’s structure and function has been altered – often significantly. Physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, psychological/psychiatric therapy, and follow-ups with a neurologist may be applied to work on individual symptoms. These therapies can be effective, especially when an individual must be re-taught gross motor skills such as walking, feeding themselves, etc. Brain injury survivors may still experience symptom months to years later due to the extent of their injury.
A Fresh Perspective & Approach to Treating TBI
We specialize in helping individuals with life altering TBIs see improved function, years after their injury. Our clinic utilizes the latest in TBI research to bring cutting edge therapies for patients who feel they have plateaued. If you feel like you’ve stopped progressing, and you’re wanting to see what’s possible with clinical neuroscience, read about our innovative strategies for long-time brain injury survivors below.
A New Type of Diagnosis
Even years after your injury, our doctors provide a fresh perspective. Brain imaging can provide insights about structural damage to your neurology, but there’s often more to consider. We dive deep into your brain’s function, an aspect that’s missing from conventional imaging. We systematically assess your entire brain (cortex, brain stem, deep nuclei, and cerebellum), to find the areas unique to your injury that cause your symptoms.
This whole brain assessment includes eye-movement testing, specific balance and posture measurements, and a neurological exam to test all senses and brain regions. Additionally, observation, a thorough history, and a review of medical records are performed. We leave no stone unturned during our diagnostic process to be able to create custom-made therapies to address the root of your problem.